Provide a 6 pages analysis while answering the following question: Economic Geography and Its Impact on the Regional Developments in Europe. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Economic Geography’s main usage lies in providing explanations for the growth and prosperity of a particular region and also for crisis and decline in prosperity wherever these are manifested. Economic geographers find out the key geographic factors that shape the economy of a particular region. (Aoyama, Murphy& Hanson, 2010, p. 1)
Previously, the shape of the economy of a region was mainly dependent on agriculture. So, the climate and natural resources of a particular region along with labor supply were the key factors for the development of that region. With the advent of industrialization, the geography of the industries and the firms became the main factor. Production processes, wages, skills of labor, technology, innovation, and also the role of the government to promote industrialization determined the success of the companies and hence the economic growth of that region. Though natural endowments are always important, still focus today, is also on social endowments like knowledge, institutions, culture, and networks. (Aoyama, Murphy& Hanson, 2010, pp.1-2)
Economic Geography has an extended history and has emerged from the contribution of various disciplines like regional science, geographical influence, economic sociology, urban studies, etc. Some state that the origin of economic geography is intensely linked to British colonialism. In order to understand and improvise the trade routes and means of transportation, the study of commercial geography became essential. While others state that the Germanic location theories of Heinrich Von Thunen and Alfred Weber led to the development of economic geography. Considering the geographical endowments and natural assets, location modeling was aimed to develop optimal location patterns for the most effective functioning of the companies and regions. Along with this Alfred Marshall, an eminent British economist highlighted the significance of the economies of scale in the success of industrialization.
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