Provide a 6 pages analysis while answering the following question: Organic Metaphor in Functionalist Theory. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Despite this, functionalist theory in biology was not as famous, but nevertheless it was crucial and its relations to other parts explain each part of an organism and each part is explained by its functions for the organism as a whole. However, anthropologists adopted the principal ideas of biological functionalism. Society became conceived as a giant organism and as well differently, anthropology used an organic metaphor to study society, as well as the functionalist theory in anthropology. Each institution or part of the culture is explained by its interdependence with other parts, and each part of society or culture is explained by what it does for the entire society (Radcliff-Brown, 1965).
The functionalistic unity postulate of the society: This postulate states that every part of a social system, for instance, institutions as society basic structure module is serving to preserve the whole society. The postulate of positive universalism of functionalism says that each component has a role that is positive for the whole society. The third postulate of functional importance states that each useful life role is not a substitutable component of the social system and as well is impossible to separate it. However, the quality of the components makes the quality of the whole. The postulates are emphasizing the components as parts of the system and not the system itself. In addition, the quality of the whole developed the quality of the components, and every component is related to all the others. Radcliffe-Brown observes the social world and the organization as an analogy to the main body. therefore, it is the key source of his thoughts concerning social structure that he sees as relationship organization among people that are controlled by an institution(Malinowski, 1939).
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